Iran looks to Russia to tackle cyber threats

Iran had admitted that it had been the target of a cyber attack recently. He has blamed the United States and the “Zionist regime.” Iran may also be looking to Russia and other countries to improve their cyber capabilities. An article in Tasnim News noted that Iran believes that Russia is one of the countries that has taken the “right” path to understand the need for “cyber sovereignty.”

What is Iran’s interest in learning from Moscow? He believes that Russia made the right decision in trying to move towards cyber independence, moving away from what Iran calls “cyber hegemony” of the United States.

He points to a December 2012 World Conference on International Telecommunications that took place in Dubai. Russia joined China and India at the time in proposing that “international resources come under global scrutiny and that the United States hand over control of the Internet to the United Nations.”

Iran praises Russia’s correct stance.

Russia is one of the countries that has a correct understanding of cyber sovereignty and a full sense of crisis against the cyber hegemony of the United States of America. In early December 2012, at an International Telecommunication Union conference in Dubai, Russia joined China, India, and other countries in proposing that international resources come under global scrutiny and that the United States hand over control of the Internet to companies. United Nations.

Iran has been looking at cyberspace as both a threat and an opportunity in recent years. He has called for the need to establish a single command to counter cyber attacks.

“Russia believes that the information space is being used to achieve politico-military objectives,” says Tasnim. Russia. “An example of Russia’s efforts to secure and centralize control of its online information space and consolidate its national cyber sovereignty is the launch of Russia’s independent Internet.”

Iran says that “the network allows Russia to use an intranet and a limited regional network, such as the Internet, used by large companies or the military, throughout the country.”

Illustrative photo of a cyber attack. (credit: Wikimedia Commons)

Russia is also pushing for “cyber diplomacy” at the UN. “This diplomacy pursues two main motives, the first of which does not go directly to cyberspace. First, Moscow hopes that Russia’s diplomatic efforts as a leading actor in cyberspace will increase its prestige and respect not only in the region but also potentially globally; Moscow’s second motive for pursuing cyber diplomacy has been to target cyberspace directly, seeking to create the conditions for global promotion of Russia’s initiative to draft and ratify the United Nations Convention on International Information Security. ”

This is important because Iran says that Russia has “announced the deployment of Russian intelligence warfare forces.” Iran also notes that Russia is threatening the West and that Iran would like to join in on this threat. “Russia is one of the most dangerous countries in the field of cyberattacks and has been repeatedly accused of cyberattacks by officials of European governments, the United States and other Asian countries.

Westerners believe that the use of non-state hackers is a common practice in Russia, allowing it to avoid official attribution of cyber activities to hackers. Because the allocation is a condition for retaliation, the use of non-state hackers allows Russia to curb the gray space of operations that complicates the search for a response to attacks. ”

Why this matters is because the Iranian media has highlighted the recent attack on Iran. “The disruption of the country’s internal fuel distribution system has highlighted the importance of strengthening passive defense against cyber attacks and protecting the country’s data transmission infrastructure. At the next meeting, the National Security Commission will monitor possible deficiencies, cyber protection and information security in the country in the presence of officials, ”says Tasnim from Iran. Iran’s politicians are now questioning the Oil Ministry and other officials about the need for better cybersecurity.

“Cyber ​​warfare is one of the manifestations of hostile actions in cyberspace. So today we see six types of cyber warfare, one of which is cyber warfare against infrastructure. Stuxnet’s attack on Iran’s nuclear infrastructure can be considered one of the first types of cyber warfare against infrastructure in the world, ”reports Fars News.

Stuxnet was a computer worm discovered in 2010 that was thought to have wreaked havoc with Iran’s nuclear program.

Iran has now said that “the reality is that the cyberinfrastructure war has started in the world and we must consider this war real and adapt to it.” Iran’s head of the Iranian Civil Defense Organization, Brigadier General Gholamreza Jalali, has said that the recent “attack is similar to a cyber attack on the Shahid Rajaei railway and port, and in our opinion, this attack it was definitely carried out by Americans and Zionists. “

That incident took place in May 2020 and caused a temporary disruption of port operations. “According to the intelligence analysis, this attack was carried out by a foreign country and the Americans and the Zionists, but we are investigating in terms of technical information and we cannot say with certainty about the origin of the attack. Of course, part of the investigation has concluded, ”Jalili said.

He compared the cyber conflict to the game of a sport and said that although a goal had been scored, the game was not over.

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