China Submits New Emissions Pledge to UN with Modest Increase in Pledges

The presentation is a disappointment to leaders who have been pressuring the country to make a significant leap on its promises and accelerate its plans to decarbonize its economy.

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In the new plan, known as Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), China said it aimed to peak CO2 emissions by 2030 and reach net zero by 2060, a promise that the President Xi Jinping had previously announced, and said that he would reduce its CO2 emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by more than 65% from the 2005 level by 2030. China’s emissions plans are set in terms of “intensity of carbon “that allows more emissions the more the country’s GDP grows.

Previously, China had promised that renewables would constitute 25% of its installed energy capacity, and wind and solar 16.5% of its energy, by 2025, details that were also included in its presentation.

The plan, formally submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, is a modest improvement compared to China’s previous one, which predicted that the country’s CO2 emissions would peak “around 2030” and reduce CO2 emissions per unit of GDP at 60% to 65% of the 2005 level.

Helen Mountford, vice president for Climate and Economics at the World Resources Institute, said China played mightily to close the 25% gap between current climate commitments and the emission reductions that are necessary to prevent temperatures from rising beyond 1, 5 ° Celsius.

“If the world is to have any chance of dealing with the climate crisis, China, as well as all other major emitters, must go from taking small steps to big leaps towards a cleaner and safer future,” he said. said.

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